The Ancient City of Germenicia

 The Roman commander who seized Maraş in the 2nd century BC named the city Germenicia in honor of Gaius Caesar Germenicus, also known as Caligula. It was the only Anatolian Roman city coining money on behalf of Rome. This was an important source of revenue, making Germanicia a prosperous city. With invasions, earthquakes and finally being burned in the Arab Muslim conquest, the city eventually became lost in the depths of history. The most important aspect of the Roman Era was its culture: art, entertainment, aesthetics and architecture, of which the Romans were masters. Their love for art is prevalent in all of the major Roman cities and is found in their palaces, homes, baths, temples and agoras. The most important feature in Roman cities are their villas with richly decorated scenic floor mosaics. The colorful mosaics of Germenicia are not only limited to the villas of the elite, but are found in palaces, baths, temples, agoras, public baths and smaller homes. The mosaics of Germenicia have the same characteristics as the Ephesus and Zeugma mosaics, however, the tesserae found in Germenicia are thinner and smaller, offering finer artistic detail and making the more valuable. Mosaics belonging to the ancient city of Germenicia have been unearthed in the districts of Bağlarbaşı and Dulkadiroğlu. They have been safely removed and put in secure storage. It has only been through archaeological excavations that these mosaics have been discovered. The themes of the mosaics come from mythology and some depict daily life in the Late Roman Period.