Göksun became a district in 1908. The city has a very old settlement center dating back to prehistoric times as artifacts discovered from excavations indicate. According to the earliest sources, the city was known as Kokusus and Cocussus. Copper Age Pottery dating to 2500 BC, was discovered in the Göksun Mound, which is now the location of a water reservoir. The ‘Göksun Yazıtı’ of this period is also exhibited at the Istanbul Archeology Museum. Pots and tablets excavated in Göksun were found to be the same as those found in Mosul. Recovered artifacts indicate that Göksun was an Assyrian trade colony or a lodging center, sharing trade and knowledge with Mosul, another Assyrian holding and one of the early Mesopotamian civilizations. In 1071, after the war of Malazgirt, Turkish tribes began to conquer Anatolia. In 1076, they took Kayseri and from there Göksun, where they made a settlement and in a short time the region became Turk. Founded in 1337 at the end of the Seljuk administration, Göksun became part of the Dulkadir Beylik. In 1515 Yavuz Sultan Selim, who ended Selcuk rule, admitted Göksun into the Ottoman Empire. When the last Dulkadir Bey was defeated in the Battle of Alaüddevle by the Ottoman Army, the Göksun region was taken and joined with Andırın, but was once again defeated on Turna Mountain. During these wars, Yavuz Sultan Selim came to Göksun and established his government there. In the Ottoman period, depending on the state of Maraş, sometimes Kars-ı Zülkadirye (Kadirli) was joined to Elbistan. In the late 19th century, Göksun, was joined with Andırın and was turned into a district in 1908. Göksun is located on the outskirts of Binboğa Mountain between the Terbüzek Creek and the Kayseri-Kahramanmaraş road, at an altitude of 1240 meters. The Göksun Plain and Elbistan are to the east, Saimbeyli and Tufanbeyli Districts of Adana are to the west, Sarız district of Afşin and Kayseri are to the north, and Andırın District is to the south. The climate characteristics are seen in the transition zone between the Mediterranean Region and Central Anatolia. However, the climate is more terrestrial.

 Population in 2015: 51,415